DEFINITION AND CLINICAL DESCRIPTION
Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is defined by a defect in intestinal absorption. The disease may be congenital or secondary to necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) of the intestine or colon, intestinal infarction, or surgical intervention for atresia or volvulus.
SYMPTOMS AND PREVALENCE
The symptoms of SBS are generally chronic diarrhoea, fatigue, cramps and bloating, malnutrition, dehydration and weight loss.
CARE AND TREATMENT
Above all, treatment involves a change in dietary habits or even temporary use of parenteral nutrition. In the acute phase, patients often need the administration of liquid nutrients, electrolytes and liquid by intravenous (IV) drip. Medication may be prescribed to alleviate symptoms. Surgery may also be envisaged.
Diagnosis is based on a clinical exam, blood analysis and stool analysis.